Colonia Wanda or simply Wanda, this city was founded in 1934 by a group of pioneers, mostly Poles. The name Wanda has several versions that explain its origin. The most well-known refers to a Polish princess famous for her goodness and beauty who lived in the city of Krakow, who sacrificed herself for her country, throwing herself into the Vistula river so as not to marry the crown prince to the German throne. Another widely accepted version says that it alludes to the name of the daughter of Marshal Pilsudski of the Polish army (a Polish hero)
Formation of the Stones
Misiones sits on the Brasilia Massif, eleven coladas that constitute one of the largest basalts in the world, formed 150 million years ago. From the core of the earth the lava came out, in different lava flows and when it cooled, the gas balloons that were imprisoned formed the basic rock, basalt, which in turn originates the semi precious stones. Misiones basalt has 93 percent iron oxide, hence the color of the red earth.
Basalts, Quartz and Topaz
There are two types of basalt: the one formed by small holes, called amygdaloids, and the vesicular basalt, characterized by its large cavities (the rock with holes). The silica - chemical component of quartz -, pure or with different oxides, penetrates the parent rock. Quartz - chemically silica - is the mineral that belongs to the group of precious stones.
It is communicated to the rest of the country by National Route No. 12, which connects it with Puerto Iguaz├║, Posadas and Buenos Aires. Wanda also has its provincial route No. 19, the only access road for the town of Andresito and the international bridge that connects the latter with Capanema, in Brazil. The main economic activity is afforestation, around half of the lands of the municipality are covered by reforested forest masses. Also important are the cultivation of yerba mate and tourism thanks to the exploitation of underground or open-sky stones.